Skateboard trucks are metal T-Shaped parts located under your deck that hold your wheels and the skateboard deck together. Trucks are made up of multiple smaller parts such as base-plate, axle, hanger, kingpin and bushings. Every single part of the truck has it's own function and can influence the overall performance of the truck depending on it's quality.
What Skateboard Trucks Should I Go For?
There is a couple of factors to consider when choosing your trucks and one of them is the size. In general, trucks are measured by the width. It is recommended that the width of you truck should match the width of your skateboard deck however, it all comes down to preference and some people like their trucks slightly smaller or slightly bigger.
Another big factor is the height of a truck. If you are a very technical skater, it will be beneficial for you to go with low skateboard trucks which will provide extra stability. High skateboard trucks are great for bowl riders and skaters who enjoy having more turn-ability. The most common height trucks are the mid-trucks, they are nice all around trucks that are suitable for any type of riding.
Lastly, you should consider the weight of your trucks. Light trucks are made from aluminium or titanium and tend to be more optimal for doing tricks that involve high jumps where heavier trucks are made out of chromoly steel and are a little more suitable for grinding. Heavier trucks are more durable however, most riders are willing to sacrifice the durability for extra weight reduction.
Difference Between Skateboard and Longboard Trucks
The main difference between skateboard and longboard trucks is their design. Longboard trucks come with reverse kingpin and different shape base-plate. The reverse kingpin means that the kingpin screw is pointing away from the board rather than towards the board like in a standard set of trucks.
Also, another big difference is the size, most longboard trucks come much bigger than your standard skateboard trucks.